Signs And Types That Indicate Vision Problems In Children

If you have a family history of eye health, you should have an eye test starting at age 4. In this article, here are some tips to help you recognize vision problems in children.

Problems such as strabismus or nearsightedness can help parents recognize that the problem is right away. However, other vision problems are difficult to recognize. Because it is not revealed immediately . So it’s good to be aware of any signs that may indicate an eye disease or vision problem.

Signs Indicating Vision Problems

Children’s vision problems may not be immediately noticeable, but there may be problems that can be perceived immediately, such as headaches or blurred vision.

If your child is unable to recognize someone a little farther away, or if he sees something close to his face, he should be suspicious of a vision problem . When you are tired, you may rub or cross your eyes. Or they may complain of having a headache or blurred vision .

Visual Behavior In The First Year Of Life

During the year after the baby is born, the baby’s vision develops as follows:

  • Week 6:  Respond to facial expressions.
  • 2-3 Months:  detect movement, see bright objects.
  • 3-6 Months:  Look at your hand and pay attention to the activities that take place in your surroundings.
  • 4 Months:  I laugh at myself in the mirror
  • 6 Months:  Seeing a moving object and trying to catch it.
  • 7 Months:  Touch the image reflected in the narration.
  • 9 Months:  Move forward to see objects.
  • Age 1:  Search for toys and objects that have disappeared from view.

To prevent a problem from becoming irreversible, you should have an eye exam at age 4, especially if you have a family history of eye health.

Types Of Vision Problems

Vision problems common in children are refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Amblyopia, strabismus, and color blindness are also common disorders.


About 2 to 5% of the population has amblyopia. And it is one of the most common causes of vision loss in developed countries . Early diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia is key.

Particular care should be taken if the child is premature , has a family history of amblyopia, or has refractive problems or retinal problems. Although symptoms do not appear in many cases , symptoms such as headache and neck pain may also appear . If your child knows how to read, but if you have amblyopia, you often skip words or confuse letters.


About 3 to 6% of the population has strabismus. Strabismus can be corrected when it is diagnosed early in childhood, but it cannot be corrected if it is diagnosed after adulthood. 

Signs Of Strabismus Include:

  • Misalignment of the eyes
  • Eyes do not move in the same direction
  • Turn or flip your head to look at something
  • Habitually winking or rubbing your eyes
  • Open your eyes to see or close one side to see

Refraction Error

Refractive errors are common in childhood.

It is estimated that about 20% of the children’s population has problems with refractive errors such as astigmatism, myopia, and farsightedness.


Nearsightedness usually occurs around the age of 6, and if you have nearsightedness, you can’t see with your eyes narrow to see objects at a distance or recognize people far away. Some children say they can see things better when they are close to them.


Farsightedness is usually a physiological symptom. It means to be born with a primitive from birth. When the eyes grow, hyperopia often disappears naturally, but in some cases it does not disappear throughout life. If farsightedness is not corrected, amblyopia or strabismus may occur. This can lead to headaches or eye strain after visual activity .


It is a disease in which light entering the eye focuses on two or more points on the retina. This causes blurred and distorted vision. Astigmatism is characterized by blurring and distorting things that are near or far away.